While Congress continues to consider policies to prevent mass shootings, state legislatures have been taking action. Seventeen states and the District of Columbia now have Extreme Risk Protection Order (ERPO) laws in place.

ERPO laws authorize law enforcement (in all states), family members (in most states) — and, in a few states,  specific professionals such as clinicians and educators — to petition courts to temporarily remove guns from someone who is behaving dangerously and at risk of suicide or harming others.